Your weight is one of the most important factors that can affect your fertility. Being overweight or underweight can both have a negative impact on your sperm quality and quantity.
How being overweight affects male fertility
Obesity is a major risk factor for male infertility. It can lead to a number of hormonal changes that can disrupt sperm production and function. These changes include:
- Increased levels of estrogen: Obesity can lead to the conversion of testosterone to estrogen, a female hormone. This can reduce sperm production and sperm motility.
- Decreased levels of testosterone: Testosterone is essential for sperm production. Obesity can reduce testosterone levels, which can lead to infertility.
- Increased levels of inflammatory markers: Obesity can lead to inflammation throughout the body, including in the testes. This inflammation can damage sperm cells and reduce fertility.
- Increased temperature of the testes: Obesity can raise the temperature of the testes, which can impair sperm production.
In addition to these hormonal and physiological changes, obesity can also lead to physical problems that can make it difficult to conceive, such as erectile dysfunction.
How being underweight affects male fertility
Being underweight can also have a negative impact on male fertility. Low body weight can lead to low testosterone levels, which can impair sperm production. Additionally, underweight men may have less body fat, which can reduce the amount of testosterone that is converted to the active form, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is important for sperm development and maturation.
Does your weight affect sperm count?
Yes, your weight can affect your sperm count. Being overweight or underweight can both lead to a decrease in sperm count. This is because both obesity and underweight can affect testosterone levels, which are essential for sperm production.
How to maintain a healthy weight for your fertility
The best way to maintain a healthy weight for your fertility is to eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly. Aim to eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Limit processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats. Exercise for at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
How to review your sperm health to check for low fertility
The best way to understand your sperm health is to take a sperm test. These allow you to get a better idea of your fertility by measuring parameters like your sperm count (concentration), sperm motility or sperm volume. You can take a sperm test at a fertility clinic or at-home using a kit such as the ExSeed Home Sperm Test.
If your sperm test results show that you have low fertility, you should talk to a doctor or fertility specialist. They can help you to determine the cause of your low fertility and develop a treatment plan to improve your chances of conceiving.
Your weight is an important factor that can affect your fertility. Maintaining a healthy weight is the best thing you can do to improve your chances of conceiving. If you are concerned about your fertility, talk to a doctor or fertility specialist. They can help you to assess your sperm health and develop a plan to improve your chances of success.